Governance & Stabilization

Altai Consulting has developed innovative tools to design strategies and to measure the impact of development activities in the fields of media, elections, civil society and local governance that support the democracy & governance pillar in fragile states.

Recent projects

Somali High Frequency Survey, World Bank, 2016-2018

The Somali High Frequency Survey (SHFS) aims at collecting high frequency socio-economic data from Internally Displaced Populations (IDPs) and residents of Somalia and Somaliland, citizen perception, and market data, to inform the design of economic development plans and policies, and to enable the government and the international community to have a clear picture of emerging developments and trends on the ground.

The project is based on the constitution of a statistically representative sample. Data is collected on consumption, economic conditions, education, employment, access to services, security and perceptions, using electronic data collection devices through face-to-face interviews, and uploaded on almost real-time on a secured web-based interface for stakeholders to access both automatic and customized analytics.

While the first wave of the SHFS (conducted in 2016) covered 9 regions within Somalia’s pre-war borders, the second wave (conducted in 2018) had an extended geographical scope and collected data in 17 pre-war regions. It featured enhanced data collection instruments and data quality monitoring systems, the integration of complex data pipelines for real-time analysis, as well as a specific nomadic population tracking study.

The project was summarized by Jim Yum Kim, the President of the World Bank in the following link:

More information on the project can be accessed at:

Somalia Accountability Survey – as part of DFID’s Implementation and Analysis in Action of Accountability Programme, Mott MacDonald, 2017-2018

Altai was commissioned to implement a statistically generalizable accountability perception survey in selected locations throughout Somalia and Somaliland. The survey included measures associated with exposure to DFID’s IAAAP (Implementation and Analysis in Action of Accountability Programme)-supported interventions. 

The survey was intended to provide data that can be compared over time in the same areas and that should be qualitatively indicative of the broader situation and trends in Somalia and Somaliland. 180 enumerations areas were randomly selected in 16 IAAAP project locations. Enumerators used a 45-minutes digitalized questionnaire, broken down into the following topics: (i) Knowledge and participation, (ii) Lived experience of accountability, (iii) Changing the accountability environment and (iv) Broader issues of power and accountability.

The team presented preliminary results at a workshop in Nairobi at the beginning of February 2018. The final report includes an analysis of the current state of accountability in Somalia and of accountability trends, and presents recommendations for future accountability planning.

Study on Understanding the Role of Non-State Education Providers in Somalia, World Bank, 2018

Altai Consulting was commissioned by the World Bank’s Somalia Education Sector Programmatic Advisory Services and Analytics to conduct a “Study on Understanding the Role of Non-State Education Providers in Somalia”. The overall objective of this study was to help relevant Somali government institutions and the international community in developing an evidence base for understanding non-state education providers in the broader Somali education ecosystem, and in identifying opportunities for streamlining private initiatives into federal and state-level education sector development policy.

A mixed-method approach was used combining quantitative and qualitative methods. These included a quantitative survey of 170 primary and secondary schools across four locations; 27 Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) with students, parents and teachers; and 15 Key Informant Interviews (KIIs) with government officials, education experts, and private education stakeholders. The data collection took place in four urban and peri-urban locations across Somalia: Bosasso and Garowe (Puntland), Kismayo (Jubbaland), and Mogadishu (Benadir Regional Administration).

Rule of Law Perception Survey, UNDP, 2016-2017

Altai Consulting in partnership with Tana Copenhagen was contracted by UNDP Somalia to conduct a Baseline perception survey of the Justice, Corrections and Police Sector and Federalization processes. The survey was implemented across urban areas of Somaliland, Puntland and South-Central Somalia. In total 1,840 households were interviewed following a multi-staged cluster sampling design.

The survey aimed at collecting statistically representative data on the following dimensions: (i) Perceptions and knowledge of the presence and quality of national services under Rule of Law; (ii) Current levels of accessibility to a wide range of services and primary barriers to accessibility; (iii) Needs, priorities of end users to enable more efficient and targeted programming and resource allocation; (iv) Achievement of program outputs and developments.

The survey was designed in close cooperation with government partners to ensure relevance to context and possibility to later integrate the surveys design as part of a ministerial M&E system. The baseline was implemented in August 2016 across Somalia and Somaliland and shall serve as a basis for a series of federal consultations on rule of law and access to justice.

Initiative to Strengthen Local Administrations (ISLA) / Rapid Assessment of Provincial Administrations structure and financial capacity

The Initiative to Strengthen Local Administrations (ISLA) program is designed to strengthen sub-national governance systems in Afghanistan. ISLA’s overarching objective is to enable the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (GIRoA) to improve provincial governance in areas of fiscal and development planning, representation of citizens, and enhanced delivery of public services. Altai Consulting was commissioned by USAID and Tetra Tech to conduct a provincial assessment of the sub-national governance structures in 2015. The provincial governance institutions are the primary institutions responsible for public service delivery, representation of citizens and coordination of development at the sub-national level. Responsibilities of the provincial governance structures have increased in the recent years and Independent Directorate of Local Governance (IDLG) is in the process of building capacity of these institutions. This research project included a rapid assessment in the 16 ISLA target provinces, with the aim of providing mapping information on the provincial governance structure and indicate the capacity of its institutions to undertake provincial planning and budgetary processes. The other objectives of the study was to review the processes through which citizens (most notably CSOs, NGOs, and youth and women groups) are represented by their provincial representatives, the ways provincial institutions communicate with the citizens, and the collection of data on provincial planning and budgeting performance.

District Level Representative Bodies Assessment

The District-Level Representative Body Assessment was commissioned to Altai by the British FCO. The study provides an analysis of the legal, technical, political and social dimensions of the present governance and service delivery actors at the district level in Afghanistan, specifically of District Development Assemblies (DDAs) and ASOP District Councils (DCs). This analysis was carried out in 8 Afghan Provinces / 24 Districts, with a view to inform Afghan and international decision-makers in the formation of singular, district-level representative bodies known as District Coordination Councils (DCCs).

Evaluation of the Impact of AKF / ACRPII on Subnational Governance

Altai Consulting was commissioned by the Aga Khan Foundation (AKF) to assess the impact of its initiatives on subnational governance (SNG) in Afghanistan Community Renewal Program, Phase II (ACRP II) supported areas in Bamyan and Baghlan. More specifically, the study examines the impact on SNG functionality, service delivery and conflict resolution. The study focuses on the impact on two categories of beneficiaries: government institutions and community-based governance institutions. Support to the latter builds off of the framework of two national programs, the National Solidarity Program (NSP) and the National Area Based Development Program (NABDP).

Evaluation of Stabilization Programs

The Nordic International Support Foundation has contracted Altai Consulting to supervise the baseline and endline assessment of its Stadium Reconstruction Program in Kismayo to understand the outcomes of the program in terms of social cohesion, economic growth, security and perceptions of the government in order to capture its broader impact on the stability of Kismayo. Altai’s support to building M&E processes and local research capabilities in the field of stabilization was then expanded to other projects in Lower Juba, Hiran, Middle Shabelle and Benadir and included a full review of the organization last phase of programming and a series of training programs for local research organizations and NIS staff.

High Frequency Survey

The World Bank commissioned Altai Consulting to develop the Mogadishu High Frequency Survey (MHFS). This survey vehicle will allow the World Bank and the Somali Ministry of Planning to collect  high frequency perception and socioeconomic data from IDPs and residents of Mogadishu, and to build a number of indicator such as the Consumer Price and Poverty Indices through the following components:

  • Quarterly household survey data to measure employment rates, wealth indicators, poverty indices and perceptions of government and access to services (1,500 households including 350 IDPs)
  • Weekly market survey data to compute consumer price indices (two markets/60 items/week)
  • Daily currency exchange rate survey (10 data points including formal and informal currency traders/data)

The project was based on the constitution of a statistically representative sample of the population of Mogadishu to inform the design of economic development plans and policies, and to enable the Federal Government of Somalia and the international community to have a clear picture of emerging developments and trends on the ground. Data was collected using electronic data collection devices through face-to-face interviews across the 16 districts of Mogadishu and was uploaded on real-time onto a secured web-based interface for stakeholders to access both automatic and customized analytics. Results were used to support public economic development and measure progress towards the realization of New Deal objectives on the ground.